Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
  Energy News  

Subscribe to our free daily newsletters

Nuclear Miracle Is Plagued By Fast-Rising Reactor Costs And Cheap Renewables

File image: French nuclear plant.
by Staff Writers
South Royalton VT (SPX) Sep 14, 2010
The so-called "French nuclear miracle" embraced by some U.S. policymakers as a model for this nation is a misconception masking a pattern of fast-rising nuclear reactor construction costs and a "crowding out" of investments in renewable energy, such as wind, solar and hydro-electric power, according to a new study by Vermont Law School's Institute for Energy and the Environment.

Study author Mark Cooper, the VLS Institute's senior research fellow for economic analysis, said: "The problems in the French nuclear industry are similar to the problems that have long afflicted the U.S. industry, so there it no reason to believe that things will change if the U.S. follows the French path.

If the U.S. nuclear industry is relaunched with massive subsidies, this analysis shows the greatest danger is not that the U.S. will import French technology, but that it will replicate the French model of nuclear socialism.

Nuclear power will remain a ward of the state, as has been true throughout its history in France; a great burden on ratepayers, as has been the case throughout its history in both France and the U.S.; and it will retard the development of lower-cost renewables alternatives, as it has done in France and portions of the U.S."

Cooper's study, titled "Policy Challenges of Nuclear Reactor Construction: Cost Escalation and Crowding Out Alternatives. Lessons from the U.S. and France for the Effort to Revive the U.S. Industry with Loan Guarantees and Tax Subsidies."

Key study findings include the following:

Nuclear reactors are not cheaper in France. Both the U.S. and French nuclear industries have experienced severe cost escalation in recent years.

Measured in 2008 dollars, U.S. and French overnight costs were similar in the early 1970s, about $1,000 per kilowatt (kW).

In the U.S. they escalated to the range of $3,000 to $4,000 per kW by the mid-1980s. The final reactors were generally in the $5,000 to $6,000 range.

French costs increased to the range of $2,000-$3,000 in the mid-1980s and $3,000 to $5,000 in the 1990s.

The report finds that the claim that standardization, learning, or large increases in the number (and size) of reactors under construction will lower costs is not supported in the data.

In France and the U.S. building nuclear reactors and central station facilities crowd out energy efficiency and renewable energy.

The French track record on energy efficiency and renewables is poor compared to similar European nations. In the U.S., past nuclear construction future nuclear plans appear to crowd out alternatives - a trend that would worsen significantly under large-scale subsidization of nuclear reactors, which mirrors the French model.

States in which utilities have not expressed an interest in getting licenses for new nuclear reactors have a better track record on efficiency and renewable and more aggressive plans for future development of efficiency and renewables.

With respect to efficiency and renewable energy the "no nuclear plans" U.S. states have (in comparison to U.S. "nuclear states"): had three times as much renewable energy and ten times as much non-hydro renewable energy in their 1990 generation mix; set Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) goals for the next decade that are 50 percent higher; spent three times as much on efficiency in 2006; saved over three times as much energy in the 1992-2006 period; and have much stronger utility efficiency programs in place.

The U.S. would have even more to lose in terms of renewables than France if it followed France's model of more nuclear power.

According to the new report, the U.S. has a much greater opportunity to develop alternatives not only because the cost disadvantage of nuclear in the U.S. is greater, but also because the portfolio of alternative resources is much greater in the U.S.

The U.S. consumes about 50 percent more electricity per dollar of gross domestic product per capita than France, which has the highest electricity consumption among comparable Western European nations. The U.S. has renewable opportunities that are four times as great as Europe.

Commenting on the study, Stephen Thomas, professor of energy studies, University of Greenwich, London, and a member of the editorial boards of Energy Policy, Utility Policy, Energy and Environment, and International Journal of Regulation and Governance, said:

"The French nuclear power industry is in crisis on three counts: its new reactor technology, the Evolutionary Power Reactor (EPR), is proving expensive and difficult to build and gaining safety approval is proving slow and problematic; the existing 58 reactors are far less reliable than its European and US peers; and its flagship nuclear companies, the utility Electricite de France (EDF) and the reactor vendor, Areva are struggling to control their levels of debt.

This experience suggests that, far from being a model to emulate, the French experience is a cautionary tale of overdependence on nuclear power and on the state becoming too embroiled in commercial decisions."

Missing from most U.S. discussions of the "French model" is information about the history and recent experience of French nuclear costs, detailed analyses of past U.S. costs and current cost projections and a careful examination of the impact of the decision to promote nuclear reactor and other central station construction on the development of alternative energy sources. Cooper's paper uses historical qualitative and statistical analysis to fill those gaps.

Cooper explained: "The policy implications of this paper are both narrow and broad. Narrowly, the paper shows that following the French model would be a mistake since the French nuclear reactor program is far less of a success than is assumed, takes an organizational approach that is alien to the U.S. and reflects a very different endowment of energy resources."

He added: "Broadly, the paper shows that it is highly unlikely that the problems of the nuclear industry will be solved by an infusion of federal loan guarantees and other subsidies to get the first plants in a new building cycle completed. U.S. policymakers should resist efforts to force the government into making large loans on terms that put taxpayers at risk in order to 'save' a project or an industry that may not be salvageable."

Share This Article With Planet Earth DiggDigg RedditReddit
YahooMyWebYahooMyWeb GoogleGoogle FacebookFacebook

Related Links
Vermont Law School
Nuclear Power News - Nuclear Science, Nuclear Technology
Powering The World in the 21st Century at

Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News

IAEA picks Belgian as new chief inspector: diplomats
Vienna (AFP) Sept 13, 2010
UN atomic watchdog chief Yukiya Amano on Monday chose Belgian nuclear expert Herman Nackaerts as the agency's new chief inspector, replacing Olli Heinone who resigned last month, diplomats said. Amano officially notifed the 35-member board of the International Atomic Energy Agency of his choice for four new deputy director generals at the traditional September meeting which began in Vienna M ... read more

Problem hits major European gravity satellite

Gravity wave project gets endorsement

Spacequakes Rumble Near Earth

GOCE Helping Reveal The Gravity Of Earth

Solar Powered Water Purifier For Disaster Relief

MIT Researchers Develop A Way To Funnel Solar Energy

Forcing Mismatched Elements Together Could Yield Better Solar Cells

Three-Quarters Of New PV Systems Worldwide Were Installed In The EU In 2009

Britain urged to speed up wind-power plans

China sailing ahead in offshore wind power

Duke Energy Changes Focus Of Coastal Wind Demonstration Project With UNC

U.K. wind farms deny causing seal deaths

US union accuses China of rigging green energy trade

Study Examines Turbine Effects On Yukon River Fish

A Paradigm Shift Towards Sustainable Low Carbon Transport

Airbus-Led 'AIRE2' Trials To Spearhead Green Trajectories With A380

APS Testing Self-Healing Grid Technology

Many Roads Lead To Superconductivity

Long-delayed BP well kill back on in Gulf of Mexico

Japan frees 14 crew of Chinese trawler, keeps captain

Scientists looking to spot alien oceans

Deadly Tides Mean Early Exit For Hot Jupiters

Can We Spot Volcanoes On Alien Worlds

Chemical basis for first life theorized

Royal Navy To Use Merlin's Magic To Fight Pirates

Trinidad And Tobago Ship Completes Sea Trials

No carrier sharing between UK and France

China needs 'carrier-killer' missile: press

Russia to test Mars lander for 2011 flight

How Microbes Could Help Colonize Mars

Mars rover halfway to next destination

NASA Data Shed New Light About Water And Volcanoes On Mars

The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement