by Staff Writers
Tokyo (AFP) Sept 14, 2012
After Germany and Switzerland, Japan on Friday became the third country to call time on nuclear energy, a decision motivated by last year's earthquake-induced Fukushima disaster.
Following is a checklist of the main countries retreating on nuclear power, and those who intend to push ahead with it.
PHASING OUT ATOMIC ENERGY
Japan has followed Germany and Switzerland which decided last year to phase out nuclear energy after the Fukushima disaster. Italy, which had plans to relaunch a nuclear power programme, abandoned them after the Japanese disaster and an ensuing referendum in which its voters came out strongly against. Belgium also plans to phase out nuclear power between 2016 and 2025.
THOSE WHO WANT TO CONTINUE
Several countries have confirmed their wish to continue with nuclear energy for various reasons, pointing in particular to the necessity to guarantee energy supplies without depending on imported fossil fuels or because they see in nuclear power an indispensable way of reducing CO2 emissions.
Those countries include France, Britain, Russia, China, India and the United States. However in the latter country, nuclear projects are threatened by competition from shale gas, which is emerging as a major new homegrown energy source.
Some of the countries in question intend to build new nuclear plants. They include China and Britain, which wants to renew its whole nuclear park, as well as South Africa, which wants to add six new power stations in addition to the one it already has.
THOSE WHO WANT TO ADOPT NUCLEAR ENERGY
A whole list of countries wants to adopt nuclear energy, notably the Gulf states which currently produce their electricity from oil and gas and want to save their hydrocarbon resources.
The list includes, at different stages of development, countries like Poland, Turkey, Jordan, Iran, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.
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Nuclear Proliferation Risks Of Laser Enrichment Require Fuller NRC Review
Washington DC (SPX) Sep 14, 2012
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is putting U.S. nuclear non-proliferation policy at risk if it decides not to require a formal nuclear proliferation assessment as part of the licensing process for a uranium laser enrichment facility in Wilmington, N.C. That's the message from 19 nuclear non-proliferation experts in a letter sent asking the NRC to fulfill its statutory responsi ... read more
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